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BARCELONA MODERNIST ROUTE

Modernist route buildings in the Eixample

Along the Passeig de Gracia

If you want to walk in the Eixample, the stretch you’ll get most out of is the wide Passeig de Gracia which runs northwest from the corner of Placa de Catalunya. Laid out in its present form in 1827, it’s a splendid avenue, bisected by the other two main city boulevards, the Gran Via and Avda. Diagonal, and continuing as far as Gracia. Stick with it, though, as far as Metro Diagonal for a view of some of the best of the cíty’s modernista architecture, flaunted in a series of remarkable buildings on and just off the avenue. The Passeig de Gracia itself reveals the care taken at the tum of this century to provide a complete environment for these buildings. At intervals there are elaborate benches and lamps designed in 1900 by the cíty’s municipal architect.

Casa Amatller balcony detail in passeig de Gràcia – Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Manzana de la Discoria

The most famous buildings of this modernist route, called “Manzana de la Discordia”, is just four blocks up from Placa de Catalunya. It gets its name because the adjacent buildings – built by three different architects – are completely different in style and feeling. On the corner with C/Consell de Cent, at Passeig de Gracia 35, the six-storey Casa Lleó Morera is by Doménech i Montaner, completed in 1906. It’s the least appealing of the buildings in the block (in that it has the least extravagant exterior), and has suffered more than the others from “improvements” wrought by subsequent owners, which included removing the ground-fioor arches and sculptures. But it’s still got a rich Art Nouveau interior (of which you can see the first floor only) – flush with ceramics and wood – and its semicircular jutting balconies are quite distinctive. A few doors up at no 41, Puig i Cadafalch’s Casa Amatller is more striking, an apartment building from 1900 created largely from the bones of an existing building and paid for by Antoni Amatller, a Catalan chocolate manufacturer. The facade rises in steps to a point, studded with coloured ceramic decoratíon and with heraldic sculptures over the doors and windows. Step inside the hallway for a peek: the ceramic tiles continue along the walls, there are twisted stone columns, and fine stained-glass doors and an interior glass roof. The block contains an Hispanic art institute, the Institut Amatller d’Art Híspánic located inside the old Amatller family apartments.

Casa Amatller detail of the facade – Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Modernist route – Mallorca street to Diagonal Avenue

One block north, the area around the junction of C/Mallorca and C/Roger de Llúria boasts two Doménech i Montaner buildings that for a change allow access inside. The ground floor of the neo-Gothic Casa Thomas at C/Mallorca 291, with its understated pale ceramic tiles, is given over to BD Ediciones de Diseño, a furniture design showroom at the cutting edge of Barcelona style. A little way along, set back from the crossroads in a little garden, the Palau Montaner (e/de Mallorca 278) was finished a few years later, in 1893. In comparison, it’s rather a plain, low structure, though enlivened by rich mosaic pictures on the facade and a fine interior staircase. Built as a prívate residence, it’ s now a government building. For a rounder, softer style than much of what’s gone before, look at Josep Maria Jujol’s Casa Planells at Avda. Diagonal 332. Jujol was one of Gaudí’s early collaborators, responsible for La Pedrera’s undulating balconies and much of the mosaic work in the Pare Güell, This apartment block – a sinuous solution to an acute-corner building – built in 1923-24, simplifies many of the themes that Gaudí made more explicit in his own work. From here you can head west up Avda. Diagonal to finish at the metro stop. On the right, at nos 416-420, is Puig i Cadafalch’s largest work, the soaring Casa Terrades, more usually known as the Casa de les Punxes (House of Spikes) because of its red-tiled turrets and steep gables. Built in 1903 for three sisters, and converted from three separate houses spreadíng around an entire comer of a block, it’s a satisfying, almost northern European, castellated structure. Further up, on the other side ofthe road at no 373, Puíg’s almost Gothic Palau Quadras from 1904 now houses the Museu de la Música. The collection of instruments from all over the world, dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, provides a worthwhile excuse to see inside. Outside, the facade of the building is typically intricate, with sculpted figures and emblems by Eusebi Arnau, and there’s a top row of windows which resemble miniature Swiss chalets.

modernist building roof casa puntxesCasa de les Punxes roof detail – Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Modernist buildings photo gallery

There are more than 100 modernist buildings in Barcelona and we want to show you some of the most beuatifull buidings next to the central hotel Barcelona.

Refuge 307 – Bomb Shelter

The tunnels of Refugio 307 were made by all the residents of Poble Sec neighborhood in the district of Sants-Montjuic.

The three entrances that it has, are in the street Nou de la Rambla with about 400 meters of tunnels, 2.10 meters high and an approximate 1 and 2 meters of width. The refuge was equipped with different rooms such as a washbasin, fountain, infirmary, children’s room and home.

Visiting it, you can feel the anguish felt the citizens during the Civil War.

El Refugio 307 is one of the best preserved in Barcelona, at the same time it’s a living memory of the struggle for life and the horror of wars.

This Refuge 307 is one of the more than 1000, that were built in Barcelona during those troubled times, it is also a living example of the passive defense that the inhabitants made during this period.

Address
c/ Nou de la Rambla, 175
08004 Barcelona
Tel. 93 256 21 00
Fax. 93 268 04 54
museuhistoria@bcn.cat

Visit & Timetable
From Monday to Saturday, only for groups with prior reservation.

Sundays: Guided tour from 10.30 (english)

Limited availability. Prior reservation required.
Group reservations must be made one week in advance.
Holidays closed.

Price
General admission: 3,50€
Free admission: Barcelona Card and promotion ‘Gaudir +’

How to get there
Metro: Paral·lel (L2 i L3)
Bus: 121 (parada Nou de la Rambla), 21 i H16 (en Paral·lel)
Walking: 20 min walk from Hotel Lloret Ramblas

Infromation and Reservations
E-mail: reservesmuhba@eicub.net
Phone: 93 256 21 22
Business hours: Monday to Friday from 10 am to 2 pm from 4 pm to 7 pm.

NIT DE SANT JOAN 2018 (St. John’s Eve)

“Sant Joan kindles the fire of my heart”

Sant John’s night (23th to 24th of June) well known in Catalan Countries as La Nit de Sant Joan or Revetlla de Sant Joan (in catalan), Verbena de San Juan (spanish). During this night, people gather with family or friends to have dinner “al fresco” (in the cool air) and make campfires on the beach. The St. John night, is the shortest of the year due to its proximity to the summer solstice.

The origin of this feast is related to paganism, to the celebrations of the summer solstice, in the Northern Hemisphere, and also to Christianity. Catholicism tells us that Zacharias lit a bonfire to announce the birth of his son John the Baptist, and hence comes the tradition of bonfires. Before Christianity settled in Europe, people lit fires with the aim of giving “strength” to the sun which, from the summer solstice, believed, that its power declined, as the days began to get shorter. At the same time they believed that the fire purified and frightened the evil spirits.

Sant Joan Bonfire

“Bonfire on the beach all night long”

La Nit de Sant Joan is a great party in Barcelona, and in many places on the beaches of Catalonia and Spain and aims to summer welcome. Many people take the first sea bath this night. The beach is full of people picnicking, dancing around the fire, skipping campfire and partying in the summer season.

“Coca de Sant Joan”

Like all Saints, Sant Joan also has his typical cake called “Coca de Sant Joan” made with nuts and candied fruits. Coca and Cava are a perfect match for this celebration. Another typical thing at this time is firecrackers and fireworks. The children spend the whole night, and the day after, dropping firecrackers through the city. A real madness!.

Interactive map of the Sant Joan bonfire

Happy St. John’s Eve!! 😉

Festivities in Barcelona – L’ou com Balla

Dancing Egg

L’ou com Balla (catalan) – El Huevo como Baila (Spanish) from May 31st. to June 3th., is a tradition in Barcelona over 600 years, and was considered the biggest festival in the city. This curious event is celebrated in different places of Barcelona once in a year.

How can they dance?

Basically l’ou com Balla an egg that is emptied and plugged with wax in the hole, then is placed in the jet fountain, so that it rotates without falling, or if it falls to the bottom, where it’s picked up again by the water pressure. The fountains are decorated with flowers and fruits.

Where can you see it

You can see this traditions in several places in Barcelona, almost all in the old town of the city
The Cloister of the Cathedral of Barcelona, Frederic Marès Museum, The Parish of Santa Ana, Ataneu Barcelones, The Parish of the Purisima Concepcion, Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres, Poble Espanyol.

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